About Iran

Overview

For many centuries, history books which marvel at the life and times of the oldest civilizations of the world have referred to the ancient wonders of Iran/Persia. They have focused on a land where talented and deeply spiritual people have built a rich culture, a cradle of innovation and creative thinking in a natural paradise of extraordinary beauty. In fact, the geography is so diverse that one can find, in its different climates, the four seasons displaying their scenic grandeur at the same time. Iran is therefore not just a name attributed to specific geographic borders, no matter what the critical importance, of its geopolitical importance. Rather, Iran is, and has always been a home to fertile beliefs, dynamic astronomers, mathematicians, scholars and poets whose vigorous, inspirational cadences have, as Rene Grousset, the renowned orientalist once said ‘split over its borders and extended beyond its political and historical boundaries.’ The search for truth, unity, morality, and human dignity is a pillar of Iranian life and society. The works of Iranian artists from ancient times to the present show the modulations of this journey and the devotion to the search. No matter where the visitor casts his gaze upon ancient monuments and the prayer niches of mosques, upon popular handicrafts and beautiful inlaid mosaics – we see that the civilization of Iran – with all its dynamism and vigor has, simultaneously, always been part of an eternal devotion to monotheistic Godliness, stability, and permanence. Again, the history books tell us that Iran was the centre of the main routes of the old world, which connected the east to the west. The oldest trade route known as the ‘Silk Road’ and which was used by travelers, merchants, artists and warriors, crossed through this land. Iran, therefore, has been distinguished as a land of dialogue and interaction between civilizations since ancient times. Like all ancient civilizations, culture constitutes the focal point and heart of the Iranian civilization with historical and urban settlements dating back to 7000 BC. Iran’s art, music, architecture, poetry, philosophy, traditions, and ideology have made it an important nation in the global community throughout history. In fact, many Iranians believe their culture to be the one and only reason why their civilization has continuously survived thousands of years of plethoric calamities.

Official Emblem of Iran

Reasons to visit Iran

Azadi Tower, Tehran

Eram Gardens, Shiraz

Kish Island

Imam Reza Holy Shrine, Mashhad

Soltaniyeh, Shushtar

Shemshak Ski Resort, Tehran

Seven Caves Valley , Neyshabur

Amir Kabir Dam, Karaj

The Colorful Landscape, Gorgan

The Colorful Badab-e Surt

Niavaran Palace, Tehran

Facts and Figures

Official nameIran, Islamic Republic of
Head of StatePresident H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani
National Day11th of February
CapitalTehran
Area1,648,196 sq Km
Population79.109.272 million (2015)
LanguagesPersian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
ReligionsMuslim (99.56%)
Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish (0.44%)
CurrencyIranian Rial (IRR)

Great Iranian Figures in the world

The first Iranian in space, the fourth overall self-funded space traveler, and the first self-funded woman to fly to the International Space Station

Anousheh AnsariCo-founder and chairwoman of Prodea Systems

The winner of Golden Globe Award as well as two Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film for his movies A Separation and The Salesman in 2012 and 2017, respectively.

Asghar FarhadiFilm director, screenwriter, film producer

Iranian scholar, Shia’ theologian, and reformist politician, known for his proposal of Dialogue Among Civilizations, the winner of the Global Dialogue Prize “for his work in developing and promoting the concept of a ‘dialogue among cultures and civilizations’ as new paradigm of cultural subjectivity and as new paradigm of international relations”

Mohammad Khatami5th President of Iran

Previously a Senior Vice President, the Chief Business Officer, and a special advisor to the CEO and founders at Google during July 2014 to October 2015 and the Non-executive Director at Vodafone from March 2013 to October 2014

Omid KordestaniExecutive Chairman at Twitter

The first woman and the first Iranian honored with the Fields Medal, the most prestigious award in mathematics due to  her works in “the dynamics and geometry of Riemann surfaces and their moduli spaces”

Maryam MirzakhaniProfessor of mathematics at Stanford University

Winner of  the “World Physician” award by the north German city of Hannover,  the “Friendship Award” from the Prime minister of China (2007), named world top neurosurgeon and garnered Golden Neuron Award by World Academy of Neurological Surgery as well as Leibniz Ring Prize in Berlin (2014)

Majid SamiiPresident of the International Neuroscience Institute

Spending more than 30 years in various technical and executive positions at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), retired from NASA in 2016 and currently is a management consultant, an advisor to early-stage high-tech startups, and a public speaker

Firouz NaderiEmeritus NASA Space Scientist

The winner of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award (2015), Distinguished Achievement Award for “pioneering contributions to plasmonic antennas and optical phased arrays for terahertz and microwave systems” (2015), Early Career Award in Nanotechnology for “contributions to the development of nano-plasmonic and nano-photonic devices and quantum well structures for advancement of terahertz technology” by the U.S President Obama (2014)

Mona JarrahiAssociate professor of Electrical Engineering at UCLA

The most modernizer of the field of miniatures, an art form which was first established in Ancient Persia and later spread to China and Turkey and other Middle eastern countries

Mahmoud FarshchianMaster of Persian painting and miniatures
If you are interested in knowing more about Iran, you are invited to download and read the following books and booklets.

by: World Bank Group

Published: 2016

World Bank

License: CC BY 3.0 IGO

by: Richard Foltz

Published: 2015

Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199335497

by: Kamran Talattof

Published: 2015

Routledge

ISBN: 9781138826212

by: Mohammad Elahee, Farid Sadrieh, Mike Wilman

Published: 2015

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9781784417420